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Serbian Advance Halted, 1995
July 11:


Serbians overrun the U.N. 'safe haven' of Sebrenica, and nearly the entire male population (about 5,000 to 7,000 unarmed Bosnian men and boys of fighting age), along with some young girls, is executed overnight and poured into mass graves, after Serb commander Ratko Mladic oversees Sebrenica's "sanitization." other U.N. 'safe havens' are in danger of collapse.

Croatia, with American training and equipment, launches a counter offensive to recoup the land it lost to its Serb rebels, and stuns European and American leaders with its quick and decisive success in reversing Serbian conquests. Many had argued against intervention on the grounds that the Serbs were too fierce and determined to give up. Bosnians, with French aid (the new French President Chirac demanded strong action against Serbia), launch their own, smaller, counter-offensive and gain some ground. N.A.T.O. then launches its largest military operation up to that date, targeting Serb comunication centers, arms depots, etc., bringing Serbian attacks to a halt.

The leaders of Serbia, Croatia, and Bosnia, meet in Dayton, Ohio, under U.S. auspices, and after 20 days of difficult negotiations, produce a peace agreement. Bosnia will retain its borders, but will be split into two autonomous republics, one Serbian, and one a Croatian-Muslim federation. The war counts 250,000 dead, two million homeless. Bosnia's
population: 4.3 million.
In 1998, Milosevic once again was on the warpath, this time against the Albanians in Kososvo. This time, however, President Clinton did not wait for United Nations approval. Instead, he took quick military action, basing its legality on previous U.N. resolutions. While many on the Right bitterly charged that Clinton had no right to send troops into harms when he himself avoided service in Vietnam, and many on Left charged the action was illegal, the Kosovars were thankful. Today, the main road to Pristina, the capital of Kosovo, is named Bill Clinton Boulevard.
Bosnia Timeline 4